Carrier screening is a type of genetic test that can tell you whether you carry a gene for certain genetic disorders, including cystic fibrosis, tay sachs disease, and sickle cell anemia. When it is done before or during pregnancy, it allows you to find out the chances of having a child with a genetic disorder.
An endometrial biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue from the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. This tissue sample can show cell changes due to abnormal tissues or variations in hormone levels. Taking a small sample of endometrial tissue will demonstrate abnormalities of ovulation which might require hormones or fertility drugs to correct. Such abnormalities may influence your ability either to become pregnant or to hold a pregnancy. Polyps, infections and precancerous changes in the lining of the uterus may also be identified.
A sonohysterography is a special kind of ultrasound exam. Fluid is put into the uterus through the cervix using a thin plastic tube. Sound waves are then used to create images of the lining of the uterus. The fluid helps show more detail than when ultrasound is used alone.
Ovarian reserve testing may assist in estimating the relative supply of a woman’s remaining eggs. Testing can include a blood test for the anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) protein, Estradiol hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) on day 2 or 3 of the menstrual cycle. Additionally, a transvaginal ultrasound called an antral follicle count can be performed in the early phase of your menstrual cycle to count the number of egg-containing follicles that are developing on both of your ovaries.
HSG is an X-ray procedure that is used to view the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It often is used to see if the fallopian tubes are partly or fully blocked. It also can show if the inside of the uterus is of a normal size and shape. All of these problems can lead to infertility and pregnancy problems.
An ultrasound test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of your internal organs. Imaging tests can identify abnormalities and help doctors diagnose conditions. A transvaginal ultrasound, also called an endovaginal ultrasound, is a type of pelvic ultrasound used by doctors to examine female reproductive organs. This includes the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina.
Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through an incision in the belly to look at the abdominal organs for the female pelvic organs. Laparoscopy is used to find problems such as cysts, adhesions, fibroids, and infection.
Hysteroscopy, telescopic visualization of the interior of the uterus, offers information useful in the evaluation of fertility, miscarriage, and abnormal bleeding. Several gynecological problems can be corrected by means of hysteroscopic surgery.
Semen analysis, also known as a sperm count test, analyzes the health and viability of a man’s sperm. A semen analysis measures three major factors of sperm health: the number of sperm (concentration), the shape of the sperm (morphology) and the movement of the sperm (motility).
Each hormone your body produces plays a role in conception and your body must produce a specific amount at a precise time in your menstrual cycle in order for conception to occur naturally. Hormonal studies measure the levels of certain hormones produced by your body during your cycle.