In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs are implanted in your uterus. One cycle of IVF takes about two weeks. IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. Or IVF may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier — a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus — might be used.
Minimal Stimulation in vitro fertilization, often referred to as micro IVF or mini IVF, uses a minimal amount of oral medication to stimulate the ovaries so they produce eggs during an In Vitro Fertilization cycle.
Natural cycle in vitro fertilization (IVF) is very similar to standard in vitro fertilization, but just without the use of medications to stimulate the ovary to make multiples eggs (sometimes a small amount of medication is used to prevent ovulation).
Lesbian couples can choose to have in vitro fertilization (IVF) using the eggs from one partner, inseminated with known or donor sperm, and have the resultant embryo(s) transferred into the other partner who then carries the pregnancy and gives birth. This enables both partners to be physically involved in the conception of their child.
Elective Fertility Preservation is a method used to preserve reproductive potential.
In women, this procedure is often referred to as oocyte cryopreservation or egg freezing. Eggs are harvested from a woman’s ovaries, frozen unfertilized through the vitrification process and stored for later use. A frozen egg can later be thawed, combined with sperm in a lab and implanted in your uterus during vitro fertilization. A couple can choose to preserve their embryos through the same fertility preservation process.
Men may also choose to preserve their reproductive potential by freezing their sperm.
Learn More about Elective Fertility Preservation
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is a test used prior to implantation to help identify genetic defects within embryos. This serves to prevent certain genetic diseases or disorders from being passed on to the child. The embryos used in PGD are created during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) is a test that examines the chromosome material of an embryo. It can tell if the correct number of chromosomes are present (46), or if an abnormal number of chromosomes are present. The embryos used in PGS are created during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Family balancing is performed during an In Vitro Fertilization cycle using Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) technology. PGT determines genetic information about embryos, including gender. The results can describe the status of the embryo but the test does not change or alter the embryo or make an embryo more or less likely to be either sex, it simply determines which embryos are male and which are female. Patients can determine which embryo they choose to transfer.
A frozen embryo transfer (FET) is a procedure in which the frozen embryos from a previous fresh IVF cycle or donor egg cycle are thawed and then transferred back into the woman’s uterus. Frozen embryos remain viable for an infinite amount of time after the initial freeze. You may choose to do an FET cycle following an unsuccessful fresh IVF cycle or after a successful fresh IVF cycle if you’re ready to expand your family.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to treat sperm-related infertility problems. ICSI is used to enhance the fertilization phase of in vitro fertilization (IVF) by injecting a single sperm into a mature egg. The fertilized egg is then placed in a woman’s uterus.