Hysteroscopy, telescopic visualization of the interior of the uterus, offers information useful in the evaluation of fertility, miscarriage, and abnormal bleeding. Several gynecological problems can be corrected by means of hysteroscopic surgery.

During a hysteroscopy, the doctor will pass a thin fiber optic telescope through your cervix into the interior of your uterus. The lining of the cervix, the lining of the uterus, and the openings of the fallopian tubes into the uterus may be observed. The hysteroscopy is performed in order to identify fibroids, polyps, scar tissue and congenital malformations of the uterus. Indications for hysteroscopy include infertility, repeated pregnancy loss and abnormal uterine bleeding (for example, in a postmenopausal woman).

The risk of complications from hysteroscopy is very low. Rare complications include perforation of the uterus by instruments during the case and infection within the uterus or surrounding pelvic organs during the days after the procedure.